You can define biotech as the marriage of science and technology for the industrial use of living organisms, their components, systems, and chemical processes for practical purposes. A few examples include medicine, agriculture, energy, and the environment. Biotech in its modern form is all about developing new ways of improving your life.

Biotechnology can be divided and categorized into specific disciplines, for example:

•    Medical

•    Industrial

•    Agricultural

•    Marine

Medical Biotechnology

Medical biotech works to develop innovative methods that enhance diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The medical branch of biotech is changing rapidly and has been ever since the molecular structure of DNA was discovered. Following this discovery with several more decades of work scientists eventually decoded the human genome.

Why is this so important to you? By understanding the blueprint of the genome, researchers can shed light on how diseases wreak havoc on our bodies and develop countermeasures.

New discoveries about heart disease, diabetes, and cancer continue to offer hope to millions of sufferers every day. Hundreds of companies work diligently seeking possible ways to eliminate these types of illnesses. Working with DNA is arguably the most extraordinary and most promising discipline of biotech.

Industrial Biotechnology

Industrial biotechnology refers to using living cells and enzymes to create and manufacture industrial products that you commonly use. The promising aspect of this technology is that these products, once extremely harmful to our environment, are now safer. Detergents and other cleaning chemicals are more degradable, leaving behind less waste.

Decreased waste is significant because although the chemical industry has created many products that have benefited your life, these products were often a threat. White offers the ability to keep the benefits without the danger.

Agriculture Biotechnology

Seemingly this discipline is all about growing larger quantities of food. Modern agriculture can only produce the amount of food that it does because of green biotechnology. As the population of the earth continues to grow (7 billion plus) providing more food and using fewer resources is the only way to feed us all. Feeding the world is not the only focus of green, and the following four plant-based products may surprise you.

•    Vaccines

•    Antibiotics

•    Flowers

•    Biofuels

Marine Biotechnology

Blue biotechnology concerns itself with the application of biological methods to aquatic organisms at the molecular level. As with each of the other disciplines, blue shows enormous promise. One of the most prominent areas is increasing and sustaining the abundance of seafood. Also important is controlling the spread of dangerous water-borne organisms. Aquatic biotech is also instrumental in developing new drugs.


Some people, perhaps you are one of them, have concerns about this type of technology. Especially when it comes to DNA manipulation and potential threats of biological warfare. Proponents must understand and acknowledge these fears; however, they must also work hard to educate and allay those fears. Safeguards are necessary in many areas of life, and they should be in place. The benefits far outweigh the dangers. Scientists have made many improvements to your life and are just beginning to scratch the surface. This technology is very exciting and will offer so much hope to this planet and one of the planet’s inhabitants, you. Stay tuned.